Water gymnastics has ancient origins: historical sources attest that the ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians practiced physical activity at sea or in the pools that they used as swimming pools. Today we know this discipline as water aerobics, which became part of water sports in the 80s, thanks to the actress Eleonora Vallone who, following an accident, began to practice physical movement in the water to rehabilitate. She was in fact the pioneer of this sport, patented as GymNuoto, which has spread internationally, to be consecrated even by Jane Fonda.
It is a very popular sport and is practiced in almost all sports pools and also at the sea: let’s see together what it consists of, to whom is recommended water aerobics and what benefits it generates.
WHAT IS WATER AEROBICS?
Aquagym is the transposition into water of exercises normally carried out in the gym, which use many schemes and provide for the mobility of the whole body.
The practice can be carried out free body or with tools, such as rubber hoses, palettes for the hands, weights for arms and legs, circles and mattresses.
The lesson is normally held in groups, immersed in the pool, with the water that comes about between the navel and chest: it is not necessary to know how to swim, but it is recommended to have good water to feel comfortable and perform the best exercises. The movements are guided by a specialised instructor on the edge of the pool.
The optimal temperature of the water to practice water aerobics is 27 ° C, because at this threshold you feel a pleasant feeling when diving, and at the same time the body does not overheat.
Who is this sport recommended for and what benefits does it bring? Let’s see it together.
THE BENEFITS OF WATER AEROBICS
In water, body weight is reduced by up to 90% and this allows you to play sports with a completely different approach: the movements are easier to perform, the effort is more sustainable and the joints are not overstressed.
For this reason, water aerobics is a sport suitable for everyone, without age limits, and brings considerable benefits both physically and mentally.
TONES UP MUSCLES AND IMPROVES POSTURE
During a water aerobics class, all the muscles work and are toned. This allows a harmonious and organic development of the body: the muscles that are strengthened better support the bone structure, leading in general to an improvement in movement and posture.
HELPS BURN CALORIES
Water resists the moving body, and this friction allows you to work very hard: water aerobics increases heartbeats and burns many calories, so it is also recommended for those who need to lose weight.
ACTIVATES BLOOD CIRCULATION
The friction of the water also allows a continuous massage that stimulates blood circulation: in this way, water retention is combated and vascular problems are prevented and limited, if already present.
LOOSENS JOINTS AND COUNTERACTS ARTHROSIS
As the weight of the body decreases in water, the joints are not overloaded: this allows you to move and dissolve especially the knees, ankles, shoulders and pelvis area. Aquagym is recommended to prevent and combat arthrosis, a disease due to the loss of elasticity of the joints.
GIVES WELL-BEING DURING PREGNANCY
During pregnancy, the woman’s body gains weight quickly and this can cause widespread pain, especially in the joints and back. Because the weight of the body is reduced in water, water aerobics is particularly suitable for expectant mothers: the movements do not weigh on the spine or muscles, and you can do good physical exercise without fatigue too much.
HELPS IN CASE OF BACK PAIN
Always thanks to the reduction of body weight, water aerobics is recommended in case of back pain or problems, because it does not overload this area of the body and allows you to strengthen the muscles without undergoing excessive efforts.
Playing sports in the water allows the body temperature not to get up too much and the muscles to move in a fluid way: at the end of the lesson you will feel a pleasant feeling of relaxation.
HOW LONG DO YOU SEE THE RESULTS OF THE WATER AEROBICS?
As in all sports, it is important to carry out the activity with frequency and constancy to maintain the results over time: the advice is to practice water aerobics 2 or 3 times a week for at least six months. With regard to muscle toning and body strengthening, the results of water aerobics are already visible after one month.
In particular, improvements can be seen in these areas:
- improvement of the silhouette and toning of arms, abdominals, buttocks and thighs
- improvement of blood circulation
- increased respiratory resistance
- musculature strengthening
- reduction of body pain, both muscular and bone and joint.
As we have seen, water aerobics can be a suitable choice both to keep in shape and to improve physical problems of various kinds. Its benefits can increase if accompanied by a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet, constant physical movement and periodic check-ups to assess our state of health. Especially when you decide to practice sport continuously, it is important to know how to behave in case of accidents, even minor ones, for which a physiotherapy intervention may be necessary. For this reason, it may be useful to take out an insurance policy, such as UniSalute Physiotherapy, which allows you to take advantage of specialist services at affordable prices. Have you ever considered this opportunity if you are involved in sport?